Setting the second building on the hive - the video of which is given in the article, a crucial task. But there is nothing difficult and any beekeeper can deal with it. All that is required is to know what to do and how. This will be discussed in our article, and at the end the procedure will illustrate a visual video.
When and why put the second building?
First, we will answer the question when to build the hive. So, you have one building and a young family lives in it or you have installed a new bee package in the first building. In the second case, building up work can begin as early as the fourth week, when the framework will be filled with honey and brood. Also, in principle, in the first version. When the framework of the first floor is filled, you can begin preparations for the installation of the second.Installation scheme of the second level: on the left - a complete set before installation; right - equipment after installation
It should be remembered that the frame completely filled with honey does not serve as a direct signal to start work. They start when the extreme second frame is at least half full of bees. If this does not happen, then when installing another case, the bees simply will not have time to warm the brood. Thus, the family will suffer irreparable harm and its productivity will drop dramatically. And the last signal, when the delay is no longer welcome, is the complete filling of the nest with brood.
If you wait, then insects will need to swarm. From what follows that the main task of the installation of the second building is just the solution of the problem of swarming, the method of unloading the socket. So bees get extra work and they do not have a need for swarming. When the honey collection comes, it will be necessary to establish a third level. In it neither brood nor bees will be transferred. In it will be stored completely filled with honey frames from the lower levels.
We are adding
Now let's talk about how to put the second building. In a nutshell, there is nothing complicated here. You just need to remove the roof and install over the first pre-prepared second building. When everything is done, you need to put the roof back. Here, on this, perhaps, everything, and now we will describe the procedure in detail.
The first thing to do is to carry out the preparatory work with the second building. It all starts with the removal of the roof. We take out from the nesting hive one frame with perge. Usually taken the most extreme. Now we put it in a new floor. Next, we find and transfer 2 frames with the earliest brood. They are easy to notice by the following signs: the presence of a large number of eggs and larvae, as well as young bees.
We take care not to transfer the uterus. If this happens, then all your efforts will be in vain and swarming can not be avoided. When the brood is transferred, it is necessary to put an empty frame in the nest hive at the edge, and after it a new foundation. Behind her put two frames with brood. Then we repeat once more, the frame of the plate and two of the brood. In the end, you need to put another frame with waxed and one not fully sown with brood. Now the nest complete set is completed.
We install a separating grid on top of the frames and, when everything is done, it is necessary to install a second building. On the second floor, all the frames are tightened by the diaphragm. It makes a small gap. This trick allows you to increase the performance of bees. They will feel the empty space behind the diaphragm and will begin to work much more intensively. The next step is to close the empty space above the cellophane grille. This will help keep the microclimate inside the hive.
Remember that under the cellophane bees can not suffocate. But if you're worried, you can replace it with a lap. However, the performance of insects will be reduced by about two times. Canvas is recommended for use only during the wintering period.
Now the second floor is closed with cellophane. Then you should put a cover on it and lay a pillow. All that remains is to install the cover and close the upper gates. While the installation is complete, but after about seven days you need to check the foundation in the hive. If it is well tightened, then you need to repeat the procedure for rearranging the frames. So work periodically repeated until the first bribe.