If you brought a rabbit to the house, then you probably noticed that it has rather long and sharp claws. Like other pets, they need to be cut periodically, because the pet can scratch and injure hands. The cutting of claws in hares is a responsible and important, but simple, if you know: how to prepare for it and what to do. How to remove the nails from the decorative rabbit correctly, let's figure it out together right now.
Do I need a rabbit to remove claws?
Rabbit claws grow very rapidly. But in the wild, in the process of walking on various surfaces (stones, hard grass, tree bark), they are naturally quickly erased. Which, of course, can not be said about a pet. At home, besides the cage and the floor of the apartment, the claws of the rabbit do not feel other surfaces during the walk. And, therefore, natural erasing does not occur and they need to be cut regularly.
At some point, the claws reach such a size that they begin to cause physical discomfort to the animal. At the same time it is necessary to walk the decorative rabbit, leaning on the back of the foot. This can lead to the following health problems:
- bloody calluses on paws - pododermatitis;
- joint pain;
- pain in the foot with each step.
This eared becomes depressed, passive, loses appetite. Another dangerous situation is the accidental hook for the carpet, upholstery or other fabrics. As a result, severe pain, torn claw, bleeding. To cut the claws is useful not only for the eared pet, but also for its owner. If the claws are not cut in time, you can get deep, painful, poorly healing scratches on the hands.
We do manicure to the pet
To prepare for this procedure is necessary from the first day of living together. It is easiest to cut marigolds when the bunny is lying on its back. Therefore, gradually it is necessary to accustom him to this position. Lay the eared back regularly, stroke the tummy and legs, play.
The first haircut is carried out at the age of 1.3-2.5 months. As a rule, during this period the baby is still in the nursery. If you get a rabbit whose nails have not yet been cut, ask the breeder to do it with you. So you can get an invaluable practical lesson from a professional. At the same time find out what tools to make the best procedure.
Hair cutting tools
In order to regularly clean the nails of your pet, you need a special tool. At first, while the claw is still soft, you can use sharp nail scissors. But by the second haircut he will be much tougher. It is not recommended to use ordinary scissors on adult claws, as they cannot cut off the claw at one time, crush it and form cracks. Subsequently, this may cause the rabbit serious discomfort.
Special side cutters with a limiter or a guillotine clipper are most suitable. It is important that the tool is made of steel, well-sharpened, the blades fit snugly together. The handles must be rubber so that the nippers do not slip out of the hands at the crucial moment.
How to cut?
First you need to choose a way to fix eared. If the animal is calm and allows you to lay yourself back, it is best to carry out the procedure in this way Put the rabbit on the table or on your lap, secure with one elbow of one hand, in the same hand, take the foot. Lightly press on the pad to gain good access to the claws. Perform all manipulations calmly, do not be nervous.
Cutting nails does not cause eared anxiety, but if a nerve is damaged, it will feel severe pain, bleeding will begin.
With a special tool, grab the dead part of the claw so that the cut is parallel to the foot. More precisely, you can see on the diagram below. It is important not to touch the pulp - a soft reddish tissue containing a blood vessel and nerve ending. It is necessary to cut all the claws at a time.Diagram of correct claw trimming
If the pet does not allow you to turn yourself back, you can ask someone to hold it, firmly fixing the legs. When there are no helpers, you can use a towel or diaper to wrap the rabbit in it. From under the diaper, you can get one foot and calmly cut your hair, without fear that it will break loose.
If the claws of the decorative rabbit are black, you will still need help with the first haircut. The fact is that through the white claw you can see the pulp, and you can only highlight it in black by shining a flashlight. After the black claw can be regularly cut to a few millimeters, without fear of hitting the pulp.
The regularity of cutting should be determined by the growth rate of claws, but, as a rule, it is carried out at least once every 1.5 months.
If a capillary is touched ...
Sometimes even experienced rabbit breeders miss it - pulp is touched and bleeding begins. In this case should always be at hand iodine, brilliant green or peroxide. The tools themselves are best disinfected before cutting. If blood has gone:
- Treat the claw with an antiseptic;
- stop the cutting procedure;
- do not return the animal to the cage until it stops.
- if the bleeding does not stop, put a pressure bandage on the foot and take the eared one to the vet clinic.