How long does a bee live? Probably, this question interests many and not only beekeepers. Like many other insects, bees, unfortunately, cannot boast a long life span. And this is not even a year, and not half a year or several months, but only about 35 days, and then not all. What determines the life of the workers, let's find out together.
The life of the worker bees
How pleasant it is to watch the striped bees flying out of evidence, all the time fussing and hurrying after a bribe. But unfortunately, when the working individual flies out to the honey-bearing plants, most of its life is over. In the spring and summer, it is rare to find insects older than 4-5 weeks, if you count from the time they leave the cells. And many die even earlier, having met with many dangers.
The age of bees depends on the intensity of their work, so in winter the workers manage to accumulate a reserve and increase their life expectancy up to several months.
So, as you already understood, the total life of working insects depends on the time of year, and more precisely, on the time of their withdrawal. Long-lived can be called bees, which are displayed in late summer or early fall. At this time, they no longer work so intensively, feed on pollen reserves, do not spend the body's reserves on growing brood. Winter creative life increases the age of bees up to 4-6 months.
What can not be said about the summer and spring working bees, which live from one and rarely up to two months. At first, the insect's body wears out during hives, and then during an intensive bribe. Also, many bees die outside the house. Due to the fact that in the warm seasons the families are constantly replenished with young individuals, the beekeeper’s decline is almost imperceptible. Summing up, it is worth noting that individuals bred in March live for about 35 days, April days last for about 24 days, June days do not exceed 30 days, August days last about 80 days, in some cases the number of days reached 200, but September days from 80 to 180 days.
In families that do not grow and do not have brood, working bees can live up to a year. But this is extremely rare, since the nests are always replenished with children.
What about the drones and the womb?
The uterus lives the longest and its lifespan can range from four to nine years. Why is that? This is due to a special device of its life, because the uterus does not spend power on raising and growing brood, initially it receives a particularly nutritious food. That is, it can be said that she leads a measured life, without spending energy on collecting pollen and other things. In addition, the functions of her body are restored faster by eating royal jelly. With good care of bees and their care, the "queen of the beehive" can live up to 5 years.
However, many conditions also affect the longevity of the uterus. First of all, it is worth noting that beekeepers rarely hold one female for a long period, replacing it every one and a half to two years. In nature, climate, living conditions affect the life span. If she lays a lot of eggs and now and then adds to the family, then she rarely lives to two years. So here longevity is a relative matter.
As for the drones, their age is not very different from the worker bees. On average, it is several days less, that is, from 22 to 29 days. However, there is evidence that in nature some drones live to 3-6 months. In some breeds, they are able to live the whole winter along with working laborers. Recall that they overwinter in families with barren womb or in non-plaque evidence.