The bottom is one of the key components of the modern bee dwelling. It can even be compared with the foundation of a residential building. The high bottom for the hive is German technology, which increases the efficiency of the beekeeper’s work at the apiary. If the average useful life of an ordinary wooden bottom is ten years with its intensive use, then deep pallets can last thirty or more. What is the peculiarity of such a bottom, as well as its pros and cons, read further in the article.
The deep hive tray can be of the most varied depth, from approximately 145 mm to 405 mm. Therefore, any person who deals with bees can choose the necessary, based on their needs. It all depends on the size of the sockets or the case itself. In an approximate comparison between hives with a high bottom and a conventional one, experts made a very important conclusion. He says that in a hive with an ordinary bottom, the length between the frame above it and the dwelling itself is approximately 20 mm, and this leads to excessive crowding.
In the hive with a deep bottom, which is its feature, a distance of 20 mm will be saved only from March to May. Then the beekeeper needs to create a suitable thermal regime, so this distance increases. Another feature of the German high bottom is that it is made of styrofoam - a material that does not absorb moisture and does not rot.
Such pallets have already been tested by many Russian beekeepers and have earned many positive reviews.
- The deep bottom is the coolest place in the hive and usually all the mold and moisture is in it. Namely, in the lower part near the inlet, which is quite far from the winter club of bee colonies;
- If the breeding person did not provide the framework of the hive with the wax foundation during the spring buildup, the bees begin to build the honeycomb cells down. Then, together with mites and broods, the beekeeper can cut out these honeycombs if they are undesirable. Thus, in a high bottom, the efficiency of tick control is increased, and the bees' wax stocks are also increasing;
- Cool air, which is located at the bottom of the multifunctional deep pan, becomes much softer, which contributes to the improvement of the climate in the bee house;
- In the deep bottom there is an expanded below the breeding space in which a bee club or a part of it can hang;
- When a beekeeper prepares a tall tray and two hive housings for winter, he will be able to provide ideal living conditions for the bees. Also, three required spaces of a bee dwelling, in which food supplies are located, a winter club and an air cushion;
- It becomes possible to quickly and easily give bees liquid or solid food. Food can be supplied when the dense bottom is at the lower level, and it will be available to bees;
- Increases the effect of processing bees dwellings from ticks. To do this, the owner of the apiary at the bottom puts a sheet of paper on which a thick coating is applied. In this case, the paper is a kind of indicator, showing how well the treatment is carried out. It is also possible to calculate the number of dead ticks for a specific period of time;
- With the manifestation of the swarm instinct, the high bottom of the hive is an excellent indicator. In order to see that the bee colony wants to swarm, the beekeeper simply needs to open the back door;
- You can put the grid, if the owner does not want the bees to build up the bottom of the void in the high bottom;
- The deep pan in the hive provides a quick and at the same time easy temperature change, improves ventilation, especially in summer. To do this, beekeepers put the frame with the grid in the lower position and open two inlets;
- High bottom can be used to catch the bee family and carry it to the right place. For this, it just needs to be covered with something from above;
- It will give an opportunity to quickly inspect the condition of the hive in the cold or in summer - you just need to open the back door of the deep bottom.
- The depth of the bottom is not specified. A beekeeper can use a depth of 130 mm, 350 mm or more;
- The person who practices bees must be able to properly use such a bottom if he mounted it on each of his hives. With this, there will be more trouble, but after working a year with such a bottom, you can stop noticing its disadvantages and get used to the advantages;
- The problems with the drones are still not resolved: it is unclear when they should enter and exit the bee house, with the pollen collector installed inside;
- The dense bottom for the hive is at the top level for the period of work of the internal pollen collector. Thus, the bottom becomes low, but ordinary. As a result, ventilation in the hive becomes worse, although experienced beekeepers say that the pollen catcher hole and a small window will eliminate this drawback.