In order to save time and space in the apiary, simplify winter preparations, increase yields and, in general, simplify the maintenance of honey plants, each beekeeper will need a pavilion for bees. In such a structure, there can reside at the same time a dozen bee colonies separated by wooden sheets from one another. Many beekeepers are wondering how to make such a pavilion with your own hands? About this later in the article.
The mobile bee pavilion is a mobile room for bees, which can vary in size and design. For example, for pollination in difficult conditions of movement or in small areas, the best option would be to arrange small uniaxial mobile hives for 12-17 bee colonies. For pollination on large areas, on the contrary, it is more expedient to have a building that can accommodate 30 families of bees and more. Mobile pavilion can be built, given the transport on runners or wheels (see photo).
In this mode, the apiary becomes mobile - during the whole season it can be transported a large number of times. This is done in order to more fully utilize the honey-growing vegetation and completely get rid of the work of unloading and loading hives. The mobile pavilion has a more comfortable mode for small workers, and the apiary protection is also made easier. In such structures, the hives can be maintained year-round, so there is no need to build winter houses.
Caring for bees in such a mobile design is not very different from the usual content in single hives. However, it is necessary to get used to working with limited space and reduce the number of jobs to a minimum. During the season it is necessary to produce:
- sanitary and hygienic processing, spring inspection, checking the provision of food;
- staging store extensions or staging a second building;
- form the layouts and select brood;
- pick honey and pick varieties for wintering.
The video "Beekeeping in Pavilions" shows in detail how the bees are kept in a mobile hive.
How to make yourself?
It is necessary to start building a mobile pavilion yourself with the preparation of a well-designed drawing (for example, as in the photo below), which will be suitable for the basic conditions:
- dimensions needed for a trailer or van;
- equipment household and working compartments;
- the presence and necessity of folding platforms and ladders;
- the presence of ventilation;
- possibility of heating the mobile pavilion;
- lighting of the working passage between the huts and the hives;
- availability of luggage compartment where you can store the necessary equipment.
By the number of sections you need to navigate the size of the movable structure. However, experienced beekeepers do not recommend doing more than 20 sections, due to the fact that the bees will interfere with each other.
Tools and materials
It is not easy to make a pavilion for bees with your own hands, because for this you need to be able to use equipment for metal cutting, fastening and tightening tools. What you need:
- welding tools;
- project drawing;
- cargo trailer, preferably not heavy (preferably ZIL, IF);
- bars of wood;
- metal for the pchepavillon framework;
- sheets of hardboard;
- boards (can also be replaced with disassembled pallets);
- nails, screws, paints, door and window hinges.
- We make a sketch of the drawing of the future trailer. The pavilion should be constructed in such a way that the roof does not touch the head of the beekeeper, not higher. The width must be at least 80 cm. This is done so that the standard 4-frame honey extractor freely enters between the hives. The length of the bee pavilion depends on the location of the hives and their number.
- We level the trailer with the help of the level and the jack, since after the construction is over it may turn out that the pavilion has gone out crooked.
- We remove the floor, if it is wooden, and the side.
- We lower the floor in the passage between the hives, if the design of the trailer allows, to reduce the height of the pavilion (see photo).
- Then you need to weld a frame made of metal. To do this, first cut the corners, the length of which should be the same, and weld the doorway (see photo frame).
- We fasten bars to the frame, and we stuff boards on them. It is cheaper and easiest to nail unpolished boards: they should be tightly fastened next to each other on the bars.
- We sheathe one-piece fiberboard pavilion on top of the boards.
- We put roofing material on the roof.
- We make doors and hatches.
- There is a gap along the entire perimeter of the floor for the entrance porches. We put the hive tightly to the frame.
- We nail the bars of the same width as the frame elements, which protrude into the structure, on top of the left gap. Then move to these bars close hive.
- We make hatches in the ceiling to the size of a nomadic grid from a sixteen-frame hive.
- Weld the steps to the drawbar trailer for convenience.